Tips Jimat Minyak

Panduan praktikal daripada Pakar Penjimat Petrol

Bersama-sama kita jimatkan petrol demi memulihara alam sekitar!
Berikutan daripada harga minyak antarabangsa yang melambung naik, harga minyak tempatan turut meningkat dengan mendadak, secara tidak langsung telah mengakibatkan kenaikan harga barangan. Keadaan ini memberi impak yang besar kepada orang ramai, khususnya mereka yang membawa kereta, apatah lagi gaji pula kekal sama. Anda disarankan mempraktikkan cara-cara menjimatkan petrol seperti berikut demi menyelamatkan diri kita dan memulihara alam sekitar.
Semasa hidupkan enjin

Elakkan menekan minyak dengan kuat, tambahkan kelajuan secara perlahan-lahan
Berbanding menambahkan kelajuan secara perlahan-lahan, menekan minyak dengan kuat akan menyebabkan penggunaan petrol bertambah sebanyak 2 hingga 3 kali ganda. Tabiat pemandu yang kasar, contohnya menekan minyak dengan kuat atau tiba-tiba menekan brek, boleh menyebabkan penggunaan petrol bertambah sebanyak 30%. Jadi, pandulah dengan cermat untuk memastikan perjalanan yang lebih lancar dan menyenangkan sepanjang hari.
Memandu sambil memanaskan kereta
Kebanyakan kereta pada masa sekarang tidak lagi menggunakan karburetor, jadi enjin kereta tidak perlu dipanaskan sebelum berjalan. Tarikkan injap sambil membawa kereta dapat memanaskan enjin secara perlahan-lahan. Pandulah kereta dengan kelajuan yang biasa sambil memanaskan kereta anda. Selepas 1 – 2 km, enjin kereta anda akan mencapai suhu yang sesuai.
Semasa isikan minyak
Jangan bertindak keterlaluan
Apabila pam minyak berhenti secara automatik, bermakna tangki minyak telah penuh dan harus alihkan muncung bagi mengelakkan lebihan pengisian. Keadaan ini samalah seperti anda dipaksa makan bila perut sudah kenyang. Minyak berlebihan akan menumpah keluar jika kereta anda berjalan di atas jalan raya yang tidak rata. Keadaan ini bukan sahaja membazirkan, malah tidak mesra alam.
Dalam perjalanan
Kekalkan jarak yang selamat dan elakkan menekan brek secara mengejut
Kelajuan kereta akan berkurangan atau berhenti jika brek ditekan, jadi enjin perlukan petrol yang lebih untuk menggerakkan semula kereta daripada gear rendah atau daripada keadaan statik.
Elakkan memecut!
Semasa di lebuh raya, anda barangkali akan menambahkan kelajuan tanpa disedari sambil menikmati keseronokan memecut yang tak terpada. Memecut bukan sahaja akan meningkatkan penggunaan petrol, malah juga akan meningkatkan risiko ditimpa kemalangan jalan raya. Perintang
Ramai yang suka pasangkan bendera kecil atau aksesori dan kelengkapan lain pada bumbung kereta. Benda-benda seperti itu sebenarnya merupakan perintang yang akan membebankan kereta anda dan memperlambatkan kelajuan kereta anda, seterusnya menambahkan penggunaan petrol.

Elakkan kerap menekan brek
Asyik merehatkan kaki kanan anda pada brek dan menekan brek bukan sahaja menambahkan penggunaan perol, bahkan juga akan memendekkan hayat brek kereta. Keadaan ini juga akan membahayakan pemandu yang mengikut di belakang kereta anda.

Tayar lebar dan rendah lebih stabil tetapi lebih tinggi penggunaan petrol
Sesetengah pemandu suka menukar tayar lebar dan rendah yang lebih luas permukaannya demi menikmati pemanduan yang lebih stabil semasa memecut. Oleh kerana permukaan tayar yang bersentuhan dengan jalan adalah lebih luas dan menyebabkan geseran yang lebih kuat, jadi ia perlukan kuasa enjin yang lebih. Keadaan ini akan meningkatkan penggunaan petrol, khususnya bermula daripada keadaan statik.

Pengetahuan Am
Letakkan kereta di tempat berteduh
Elakkan daripada meletakkan kereta di tempat tidak berteduh. Suhu dalam kereta akan naik jika kereta terdedah di bawah bahangan matahari dalam tempoh masa yang panjang. Apabila kereta dibawa, sistem penghawa dingin mengambil masa yang lebih panjang untuk menyejukkan keadaan dalam kereta, akibatnya penggunaan petrol turut bertambah.

Jangan melengahkan penyenggaraan berkala
Penyenggaraan adalah wajar bagi setiap 5,000 atau 10,000 km, untuk memeriksa penapis minyak, bendalir, angin, bateri, penyambung CV dan sebagainya bagi membolehkan kereta anda berkeadaan optimum dan lebih menjimatkan petrol. Tekanan tayar juga mesti diperiksa supaya berkeadaan normal. Tekanan angin yang sesuai dapat menambahkan 3.3% jarak yang dijalani. Kekurangan tekanan tayar menghabiskan petrol yang banyak iaitu penggunaan petrol akan bertambah 0.4 sen bagi setiap pengurangan 1 paun tekanan angin. Lebih teruk lagi tayar mungkin akan pancit kerana terlampau panas. Jadi pemeriksaan tekanan tayar dengan kerap bukan sahaja menjimatkan wang, malah juga dapat melindungi keselamatan anda. Tayar akan menggoncang jika tekanan tayar terlampau tinggi, ia juga akan mengakibatkan pancit dan membahayakan.

Bersihkan plag pencucuh
Karbon mungkin terkumpul pada bahagian enjin dan di sekeliling plag pencucuh jika kereta anda selalu terperangkap dalam kesesakan lalu lintas. Penimbunan karbon ini akan melemahkan proses pembakaran dan menghabiskan petrol yang lebih banyak. Jadi, plag pencucuh yang bersih boleh membantu pembakaran yang sempurna dan menjimatkan petrol.

Kurangkan alat elektrik
Tenaga elektrik dalam kereta dihasilkan oleh generator. Semua alat elektrik dalam kereta seperti penghawa dingin, lampu, sistem penggera, stroboskop dan sebagainya, hanya akan membebankan generator. Semakin banyak tenaga elektrik diperlukan, generator perlu mengeluarkan tekanan yang lebih pada timing belt untuk menghasilkan lebih banyak tenaga elektrik. Keadaan ini sudah pasti akan menambahkan penggunaan petrol.

Kurangkan bebanan
Ramai pemandu jarang mengemaskan dan membersihkan benda-benda yang tertimbun dalam keretanya, kadang-kala mencapai 40-50kg! Lebihan berat ini bersamaan dengan membawa lebih seorang penumpang, penggunaan petrol juga akan bertambah 1-2%.

Pengubahsuaian sembarangan membazirkan petrol dan wang
Sesetengah kedai pengubahsuaian kenderaan akan menasihatkan pemilik kereta supaya menukarkan konverter katalisator. Pada halnya, pengubahsuaian sebegini hanya akan menekan ekzos lalu membebaskan lebih banyak tenaga dan menghabiskan petrol yang lebih.

Tips from the fuel saving expert

Protect the environment, save and use fuel smartly now!
As the global demand for oil rises, so will the domestic fuel price. It is unavoidable due to the rapid industrialization by many nations in the world that push the demand for fuel higher and higher by the day. Not only will it affect the livelihood of many people whose income are related closely to the consumption of fuel, but also many working class people as well. And their situation was compounded by non-existent or motionless wage rise due. We can only watch as the world race with each other for these products. But, to save ourselves and the environment, learn these tips here and become an expert fuel saver! Let’s Start
 
Do not accelerate rapidly; accelerate gradually and gently.
Accelerating your car rapidly will increase oil consumption 2 to 3 times higher than normal ignition. Give the engine a gradual acceleration. Sudden brakes or acceleration during driving too can increase fuel consumption by 30%! So, plan your trip ahead, a smooth journey gives you a pleasant drive all day long.
Start & Drive
Most modern cars nowadays are no longer using carburettors, warming your car engine up before driving, therefore is not needed. As you drive, the heat choker will warm the engine. So, it is advisable that you start to drive immediately after ignition as long as you as are not over speeding! After about 12 kilometres into your journey, the car will reach the correct operating temperature.
Topping up the tank
Problem with over filling
Over filling the vehicle fuel tank could be wasteful. It is like being forced to eat more food when you’re already full! Leakage and spillage could occur when your vehicle is hopping on uneven roads; it is very wasteful and hazardous to the environment.
On the road
Maintain a safe distance and avoid short sudden braking
Caution should be taken when driving behind another vehicle. Following too close and applying sudden braking will jerk your car forward, putting unnecessary pressure on the front tyres. When the vehicle pulls up to its normal position during low speed, the static start when you continue driving will caused the engine to consume more power in order to continue running!
Attention Driver – You
Don’t over speed!
While the sensation and the rush of adrenaline is very much enjoyable, over speeding while you drive will sharply increase fuel consumption and increases your chance of causing a road accident whereby endangering yourself and other road users!
Obstructing Objects
There is in some instances, objects such as flags, unused canopy, carriers and many other kinds of equipment can be found on the roofs of vehicles. Unless you have the need to utilise it, take it off. These objects will increase the carrying burden on you car and therefore need more fuel power to operate the vehicle. It is also a speed hindrance to your vehicles.
Avoid constant short braking
Take caution that you do not constantly put your feet at the brake pedal as a rest pad. This will wear down the brake pads of your car and cause unnecessary pressure to the driver behind your vehicle!

Under inflated tyres run steadily but higher fuel consumption
Some vehicle owners would under-inflate their tyres so that they can enjoy a smoother drive. But, the truth is under-inflated tyres would increase fuel consumption because of less gripping power on the roads due to low pressure. And very often, large tyres with a large tread protector will not favour in fuel economy because these tyres requires a large gripping area and an expanded friction that becomes a burden on the engine to increase power. The huge consumption of fuel can be felt during constant short running and idling of the vehicle (E.g. traffic jams).

Things you should know
Park your car under the shades
Avoid parking your vehicle under direct sunlight because of high insulation. Open the doors to let in cooler air to ventilate your car interior. Avoid driving under hot condition because the air conditioning system will take a much longer time to release cool air flow and this will cause higher fuel consumption.

Do not neglect your vehicle maintenance
Maintenance should be carried out after every 5000 or 10000 kilometres. Periodical checks on the depot, oil filter, transmission fluid, batteries, tyres, CV joints and etc. will help you to maintain optimum condition for your vehicle. Tyre pressure should be checked for the correct pressure as a properly inflated tyre can give your vehicle a 3.3 percent extra mileage. Under-inflated tyres consume more fuel; periodical pressure checks will not only give you extra driving protection but also better fuel management because every cubic pressure is equal to 0.4 percent increase in fuel consumption. But caution should be taken too as to not over-inflate the tyres. As over-inflated tyres would swell pressure inside the tyre and the heat could cause tyre leakage and breakage.

Cleaning the spark plugs
Carbon would build up in the engine and around the spark plugs area significantly during idling position in traffic jams. This built up deposits would lower combustion efficiency, thus will make the engine use more fuel to start or ignite. Clean spark plugs would ignite and burn fuel correctly in the initial ignition and helps to avoid wastage of precious fuel.

Use less electrical appliances
All air conditioning, headlights, alarm system, stroboscope and etc. draw energy from the car generator which in turn draws energy from the engine that burns fuel! So, any other electrical appliances like charger, LCD monitor, shaver, expanded alarm or sound system would burden the generator. When more energy is needed, the generator would extract more pressure to timing belts to produce more energy and this will certainly increase fuel consumption.

Don’t burden vehicle with unnecessary weight
Don’t burden your vehicle with heavy objects that don’t belong in it. Things such as a heavy toolbox, metals, scraps and etc. should be taken out. Every 40 – 50 kilograms of excess weight is equal to carrying another passenger. This will in turn translate into 2 – 3 percent higher fuel consumption.

Over modification won’t save fuel!
There are a lot vehicle modification shops who advise vehicle owners to change the catalyst converter. However, this kind of modification would only pressure the exhaust pipe to deliver more power; some oversized exhaust system would need more fuel for this purpose. It is really a waste of money and fuel and is unnecessary!


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